For a variety of cancers the only way to provide a definite diagnosis about a condition is to carry out biopsy. The procedure involves the removal of a sample of cells or a tissue from the body for a closer examination.
Types of Biopsy
Needle Biopsy – This type of biopsy is used mostly for diagnosis of cancers that can be felt through the skin. These include enlarged lymph nodes as well as breast nodes
Fine needle aspiration – A needle and a syringe is used to get a sample from either breast lump or thyroid.
Vacuum assisted biopsy – There’s a suction device is used to extract more amount of fluid at a time so that the needle does not have to be inserted many times.
Image guided biopsy – Image guided biopsy uses a combination of imaging procedures like computerized tomography (CT), X-ray, sonography or MRI.
Core needle biopsy – It uses a needle that is larger with a cutting tip to draw the sample column of tissue.
Endoscopic Biopsy- An endoscope is used for taking tissues from the stomach during endoscopy. An endoscope is a tube with a camera at its end.
Incisional Biopsy – It involves taking a small part of skin
Excisional Biopsy – It involves taking a big part of the tissue/ tumor and requires a
Skin Biopsy – The procedure is carried out in order to check for lesions, rashes, growth, moles and lesions. The doctor takes samples of your skin surface with the help of a razor.
Punch Biopsy – A small instrument is used to punch a hole in the skin in order to get a sample.
Bone Marrow Biopsy – This biopsy involves taking samples of the bone marrow to check for cancerous or non-cancerous cells causing blood problems. A sample of the bone marrow is taken for diagnosis around cancers like lymphoma, leukemia and more.
Yes, biopsy does sound freaky but with the advanced procedures in place, its mostly a low risk as well as pain free procedure. So, if you are to undergo a biopsy procedure soon, do not panic. Stay calm, there’s nothing to worry about it.