Periodontics is the branch of dentistry concerned with diseases of the gums and bone, their diagnosis and treatment.
Gum (Periodontal) disease is caused by bacterial infections of the soft tissue and bone that supports the teeth. The disease can cause tissue and bone destruction eventually leading to tooth loss. Depending on the stage of the gum disease, the treatment ranges from complete Cleaning (Scaling) to Periodontal surgery.
The department has a 3700 sq ft clinic area fitted with 26 electrically operable chairs. The sterilization room is adequately equipped with 2 autoclaves, an ultrasonic sterilizer and a hot water sterilizer. The average patient inflow is 40 new patients besides old appointment and recall cases.
Treatment of :
Sterilization room has two Autoclaves, Ultrasonic steriliser, Needle burner and Syringe cutter (for safe disposal).
Clinic: 26 fully equipped electrically operable chairs. Ultrasonic machine cleaning units, multiple sets of surgical instruments including microsurgical instruments, bone grafts and materials for cosmetic dental procedures along with emergency drugs.
The rationale of Periodontal Surgery is to:
The various surgical procedures conducted in the department includes-
Periodontal Flap surgery involves the reflection of the gums and exposure of the bone to gain access to remove tartar, diseased tissue and defects of the bone. Most periodontal surgery is corrective in nature and done for the purpose of eliminating infection from the tooth supporting area.
Flap surgery is combined with the placement of various natural and artificial bone products, where the tooth has been severely weakened by bone loss by gum disease. A bone graft is used to recreate bone and soft supporting tissues lost due to gum disease. Grafting is a way to replace or help growth of new bone or gum tissue destroyed by the disease.
Osseous Surgery is a type of surgery that reshapes the defects in the bone caused due to gum disease.
These surgical procedures are aimed at enhancing the cosmetic appearance of the mouth by coverage of the exposed tooth root, reconstruction of gums lost between the teeth.
This procedure replaces the gums that have shifted down exposing the root of the tooth. It improves the cosmetic appearance of the gums. Grafted tissue is most often taken from healthy area of the mouth and placed over the affected area.
Gingivectomy is the surgical removal of overgrowth of the gums
Gingivoplasty is a type of gum surgery used to reshape the gums to improve its appearance and is normally done along with Gingivectomy
Crown lengthening lengthening is a surgical procedure of increasing the length of tooth crown to prepare for restorative treatment and also for the correction of Gummy Smile
Depigmentation of the gums is a procedure to remove excess pigmentation of the gums
Dental Implants involves the use of artificial roots (titanium screws) to aid in replacement of missing teeth without damaging the other teeth. are for replacing the missing teeth for esthetics and function.